Queen Anne

Statue of Queen Anne, London

Inspired by a blog series at the National Library of the Netherlands, this year we would like to invite you to accompany us on an alphabetical journey through the rich and varied treasures that await you in the RISM database. Throughout the year, we will present you with something drawn from over 860,000 sources in the database, representing nearly 80,000 people and 13,000 institutions.

We will begin with Queen Anne of Great Britain (1665-1714), who died 300 years ago this August. During her reign (1702-1714), Scotland and England were united and the territory became known as Great Britain. A recent biography of Queen Anne by Anne Somerset depicts the typical entertainment of the day that the queen would have witnessed: annual birthday balls, ballets, and plays. She enjoyed performances by visiting musicians and George Frideric Handel benefited from a pension of £200 from her as well.

As with any monarch, it was not unusual to dedicate music to the queen. There are just over 30 sources in the RISM database and over 50 in A/I that mention Queen Anne. One could put together a loose timeline of her life by looking at the sources:

-6 anthologies compiled during her reign and 1 while she was still a princess

-Birthday odes by William Croft, Handel (A/I: H 1516 and HH 1516), and Thomas Tudway (A/I: T 1339)

-A song by Henry Purcell to celebrate her marriage to Prince George in 1683

-Music for New Year's Day 1699 by John Lenton

-Coronation anthems by Thomas D'Urfey (A/I: DD 3975 I,18), Stephen Jeffries, and William Turner in 1702

-An anthem by Thomas Tudway "Sung to the Queen after the victory at Blenheim," a major victory in 1704

-Numerous pieces performed in front of Queen Anne

To find music mentioning Queen Ann in the RISM online catalog, perform an Advanced Search and select the field Other names. Enter Anne, Queen of England.

Below is a performance of the first alto solo from Handel's birthday ode to the Queen of 1714 (composed 1713), her last. This is "Eternal source of light divine" (HWV 74; autograph manuscript at the British Library), featuring Kathleen Battle and Wynton Marsalis.






Picture credit: Photo by Paul Farmer. Statue of Queen Anne in London. Statue stands against the north wall of 15 Queen Anne's Gate but was situated on the east side of Queen Anne's Square when first recorded in 1708.  © Copyright Paul Farmer and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons Licence.


Category: RISM A-Z

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All news entries are by the RISM Central Office staff unless otherwise noted. Reuse of RISM's own texts is permitted under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License—though please note that image credits and permissions are usually separate and noted at the bottom of each post. If authorship is attributed to someone else (indicated at the start of an entry and/or by a name following the word "Contact"), please contact the individual authors.